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COMPLETE TEXT: Results of the UN Security Council Information Report on South Sudan

Everlasting Consultant Implementation of the South Sudan David Shearer ays Revived Peace Treaty requires substantial funding, technical help

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United Nations Security Council throughout the previous panel dialogue …

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UN Security Council throughout the earlier panel dialogue…

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UN Security Council assembly on Syria at the UN headquarters in New York, April 4, 2018. (Supply: Li Muzi / International Look Press

June 26, 2018 (Nyamilepedia) – Decreasing violence in southern Sudan, although fragile, has revealed "shimmer of what is possible peace," a United Nations official stated to the Security Council as we speak because representatives urged the soldiers to make use of the time it has given to the extended

Information from the 15-member Council, Particular Consultant of the Secretary-Basic and UNMISS (UNMISS) said: "The reduction in political violence […] has meant hundreds if not thousands of people are alive who would not otherwise be. "When he notices that the ceasefire is essentially devoted, he stated that many displaced households are returning residence, humanitarian companions see higher alternatives and, for the first time in years, comparatively calm for some households to continue to develop food. "The desire for peace is an obvious and fierce aversion to renewing the struggles," he warned, that the latest meals security evaluation continues to be troublesome, as 7 million individuals are in crisis or worse.

Assistant Secretary Common for Human Rights, who stated UNMISS documented a big and welcome reduction in the number of human rights violations and abuses – the largest exception being sexual violence just lately in Bentiu. "Peace is fragile and requires constant vigilance," he added, that the September 2018 revived peace treaty does not apply to all the variations which are the foundation of the battle, whose ethnic dimension is rising. Emphasizing that the actual assure of lasting peace is an end to impunity, he expressed concern that, regardless of evidence of conflict crimes and crimes towards humanity, no vital action has but been taken towards perpetrators

. A consultant of the civil society group, the Peace Enforcement Initiative, advised members that South Sudan is one of the highest violence towards ladies and women in the world. Violent discrimination prevails, harmful practices corresponding to early and obligatory marriage and the cost of the bride's worth are widespread and most of the displaced individuals are ladies and youngsters. The continued occupation of civilian army forces puts ladies and women at larger danger of sexual violence, he warned that delaying the professionalism of the military would result in delays in the correct safety of ladies. The Council just lately gave UNMISS the mandate to work extra intently with civil society, particularly NGOs led by ladies. He recalled: "We are now waiting for you to fulfill this mandate."

Several members of the Council asked for the flooring. the events can intelligently use the transition period by prioritizing the most necessary tasks and addressing the tack points. I welcome the sensitive improvement of South Sudan, but many reiterated their condemnation of persistent violations of human rights and referred to as for the institution of an pressing hybrid courtroom, including the truthful provisions of the Revived Peace Agreement.

Nevertheless, other members – together with the consultant of France – regretted the delay after the transition period. "It is imperative that this is the last postponement," he careworn. Referring to the report of the South Sudan Human Rights Fee, he stated that new violence – including critical violations of rights – could possibly be warfare crimes and crimes towards humanity, and referred to as for the establishment of a hybrid courtroom. "The perpetrators of these violations cannot remain impunity," he harassed.

A German representative stated that levels of sexual and gender-based violence are still surprising. In asking for sexual and gender-based violence to be an "independent" criterion for sanctions, he burdened that "this Council must act now". Elementary freedoms have to be assured, and human rights defenders must have the ability to work, he confused.

The consultant of South Africa advised the Council: “It is important that we all rally behind the peace process and we encourage the implementation of all remaining regulations” By recognizing constructive developments, he stated that the state of affairs continues to be unstable, sluggish progress and insufficient assets in the peace process. International companions should help the implementation of the revived peace settlement and help make sure that the current tempo is maintained to stop backward conflict, he careworn

The Chinese language representative urged the Council to provide extra help to the events once they seek peace – additionally by making certain that the authorities is absolutely revered in the peace course of. In addition, the international companions should provide the mandatory financial, technical and material assistance; supporting the constructing of mutual belief; prioritize addressing meals insecurity; to help the return of refugees;

The South Sudan consultant said that confidence-building measures amongst the signatories of the revived peace agreement are steadily enhancing, but the implementation of the agreement requires major financial help. He expressed his hope that the international group will present the crucial technical help and expertise.

Representatives of the United States, Belgium, Côte d'Ivoire, Peru, the Dominican Republic, Poland, the United Kingdom, Equatorial Guinea, the Russian Federation, Indonesia and Kuwait also spoke.

The meeting began at 10.40 am and ended at 12.25.

Briefings

DAVID SHEARER, Particular Representative of the Secretary-Common and United Nations Head of Mission for South Sudan (UNMISS) famous that the implementation of the Revived Peace Agreement will proceed and the ceasefire continues, apart from Central Equatoria. "The decline in political violence […] has meant hundreds, if not thousands, of people who would not otherwise be," he stated. Many displaced households have now determined to return house safely and found that greater than half one million individuals – including some 210,000 in neighboring nations – have returned after the signing of the peace settlement. At the similar time, humanitarian companions declare that entry to the areas they want has improved, although bureaucratic obstacles proceed to hamper sure actions

In presenting other advances, he stated that many teas have been restored, enhancing the potential to maneuver meals to remote places before the wet season and scale back dependence on expensive climate pairs . Nevertheless, the latest food security evaluation remains troublesome, as 7 million individuals are in crisis or worse. "But for the first time in years, some provinces have some minor improvements where relative peace has allowed households to continue cultivating," he stated. Describing these developments as a "possible glow of peace," he stated over 110 nations round the nation since the signing of the peace settlement. He introduced his current visit to South Sudan: "Peace is a pleasant and loud aversion to renewing the struggles."

The pace of dialogue and peace-building at grassroots degree is far quicker than national talks continued, emphasizing that South Sudanese politicians must take heed to individuals and comply with their leadership. "It is a shame that the national dialogue has so far failed to achieve the real involvement required for the negotiation process," he stated, warning that the preventing would stop simply because leaders ordered their soldiers to stop and could continue as easily. Recalling that in Might the events decided unanimously to increase the transitional period and to postpone the institution of a transitional authorities till 12 November, he said that while this is disappointing, and the tempo of implementation is irritating, the new timetable presents the opportunity to resolve the remaining issues which may in any other case scale back the peace process. Similarly, the reform of the safety sector and the reunification of the armed forces have been sluggish regardless of regional efforts, he stated.

Referring to the lack of regular conferences between President Salva Kiir Mayardit and opposition chief Riek Machar, he confused: "If the former bitter enemies at the local level can put their past back and reconcile, their national leaders must do the same." The Government should fulfill its dedication to launch the funding it has committed to the Peace Settlement, the African Union, the Intergovernmental Company for Improvement Cooperation (IGAD) and the United Nations continue to help the peace course of. He stated that the peace settlement ought to be considered a dwelling document – "not set in stone" – including that collective selections are extra open and accountable to residents. He described the United Nations choice of 2013 to open his gates to individuals who flee their lives as one of the most noble actions ever undertaken by the organization. "It saved tens of thousands of people, and is still a key part of protecting the civilian population."

This task also consists of making certain the circumstances vital to ensure the protected, knowledgeable, voluntary and dignified return of displaced persons. he continued, stating that the quantity of returnees continues to be small compared to 2.three million refugees and 1.9

million displaced nations. Nevertheless, it displays an growing development, however found that while some have returned to themselves, hundreds of others need help. The primary challenge for the future is the lack of primary providers out there to them, he added that, on this context, UNMISS will shift its focus from static duties to regulate civilian populations to wider patrols, focusing on areas of return. At the beginning of subsequent week, the Delegation will publish a human rights report on the ongoing battles of Central Equator, he added that he has elevated his patronage at Yei

ANDREW GILMOUR, Assistant Secretary Common for Human Rights, stated. Since September 2018, the Human Rights Part of the Mission has documented and welcomed the complete quantity of human rights violations and abuses dedicated by authorities forces and arranged armed groups. An essential exception, nevertheless, is the continued presence of sexual violence between the events. a battle that reached its peak between November and December 2018 in Bentiu. "Peace is still fragile and requires constant vigilance," he careworn, that the revived peace agreement does not cowl all the controversy underlying the conflict, their ever extra ethnic dimension, and the surprising corruption that continues to undermine sustainable peace and justice in southern Sudan – and the economic and social social rights. In line with him, the persistent contradictions between the Central Equatorial government forces and the non-signatory opposition teams, he reported that violence in the relaxation of the country had shifted mainly to actions taken by communal militias and different armed parts. They’re also known as "cattle raids" or "communal violence", and such instances have largely advanced from traditional practices to political violence, he stated. The gradual limitation of the political and civic area can also be a worrying development, he stated, particularly, that freedom of expression is consistently underneath menace.

He additional said that control, intimidation and arbitrary arrests are commonly used to restrict the activities of human rights defenders, critics and journalists. The actual assure of an enduring peace in South Sudan is the try to end impunity, he stated that there’s good purpose to consider that critical violations of worldwide regulation and critical violations of international humanitarian regulation and international human rights violations have been committed. all parties to the battle. Nevertheless, no vital motion has been taken towards the perpetrators, and the common tradition of impunity remains despite the existence of a number of proof that conflict crimes and crimes towards humanity have taken place. Emphasizing the need to interrupt this long-term cycle by making certain the activation of transitional authorized mechanisms, he expressed concern that the government, regardless of repeated insurances, has not but signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the African Union on the institution of a hybrid courtroom. "UNMISS has supported the state in its efforts to provide justice at the local level, and offers a few brilliant hopes in the midst of South Sudan challenges," he stated. The cellular tribunals supported by the mission have condemned at the very least three members of the organized armed forces for the rape crime in Bentiu and Malakal, and the Nationwide Motion Plan has been launched to combat the sexual violence brought on by conflicts.

LYDIA MINAGANO, Undertaking Leader for Peace Monitoring Initiative, Member of Strategic Defense and Security Assessment Board, Juba Video Convention and Civil Society for Ladies and Women in South Sudan. Emphasizing that the country's conflict is deeply rooted in gender inequality, he stated it has led to widespread violations of ladies's and women' rights, together with sexual and gender-based violence, pressured displacement and denial of subsistence. In one of the world's highest violence towards ladies and women, South Sudan has established discrimination, stressing that such dangerous practices, similar to early and obligatory marriage and bridal prices, are widespread. Continuing army presence signifies that ladies and women are at increased danger of gender-based violence and other gender-based violence

Meanwhile, most individuals went into battle – typically missing primary providers and exposed to preventive illnesses – are ladies and youngsters, he continued . Emphasizing the importance of making certain a significant participation of ladies in the implementation of the revived peace agreement, he said that, although they fought to safe a 35% quota for ladies, such a provision has not been successfully carried out. Security sector reform, which can also be essential for South Sudan's long-term peace and stability, should be sure that all safety actors are certified, expert and responsive, and that they defend towards corruption, human rights and ladies. The urgent unresolved challenge is that the integration of the armed forces is sluggish and referred to as on the events to make sure that vital milestones in security sector reform are achieved. "The delay in the skills of the military means delays in the proper protection of women and girls," he burdened.

As for the position of civil society organizations like himself, he stated that they don’t seem to be solely needed to save lots of lives on humanitarian providers, but in addition on the implementation of a revived peace agreement. In March, the Council responded to UNMISS's request to work extra intently with civil society by empowering the operation to be extra intently with women-led NGOs and civil society, he recalled. "We are now waiting for you to fulfill this mandate," he additionally stated, calling on the Council to make sure that the government helps the implementation of a revitalized peace agreement with credible and satisfactory assets. He additionally urged the events to implement a 35% quota for ladies; inspired donors to help local civil society groups; encouraged UNMISS to proceed its participation in a variety of ladies's organizations in creating protected amenities; urged the events to launch all civilian areas;

Statements

JONATHAN R. COHEN (USA) said that, following the current decline in violence, humanitarian staff are better capable of perform their work. Nevertheless, some restrictions on their movement stay because the authorities continues to limit many necessary civil and political freedoms. He additionally careworn the importance of stepping up the meetings of top-class political leaders. When he requested the nations of the area and the wider international group to defend the sanctions imposed on South Sudan, he stated that they need to seek to "make peace more profitable than war". On the other hand, the events to the conflict ought to use the extension of the transitional period to make progress on key points akin to the implementation of the provisions of the Transitional Peace Agreement, the institution of a transitional justice system, the institution of a hybrid courtroom and the switch of armed forces to the constituency. Whereas this isn’t straightforward, there’s evidence that the parties can compromise and careworn that the various – return to battle and loss of life – is intolerable. He referred to as for a everlasting chairman to be appointed to the Joint Monitoring and Analysis Committee. He additionally confused that Sudan's improvement must not forestall South Sudan's events

MARC PECSTEEN DE BUYTSWERVE (Belgium) said that on 9 July, eight years have passed since the independence of South Sudan, 5 of which have been civilian. Regardless of current progress, some 860,000 youngsters beneath the age of 5 are nonetheless expected to endure from malnutrition in 2019, including that ladies and youngsters proceed to endure from conflict – together with degrading remedy and sexual violence. "No one is spared." Although the international group helps the determination to postpone the transition, the clock has pointed out that the events must make a serious political dedication to succeed in a new deadline. He urged them to agree on security mechanisms, a brand new security plan, a gathering between political leaders and the cost of government funds. Non-signatories should chorus from inflammatory rhetoric, he added. Given the current improve in social violence, he warned that no peace can be potential until the human rights violations have been dealt with urgently, the instances of abuses investigated and the perpetrators detained. At the similar time, he warned that the nation could not flourish and not using a numerous and lively civil society and free press, and urged the authorities to launch instantly the whereabouts of two UNMISS personnel arrested and absent from 2014.

WU HAITAO (China) said nevertheless, while the general state of affairs in South Sudan will continue to improve – including the settlement on extending the transition interval and the return of refugees – the main objective of all stakeholders have to be to help the events in building peace. The Council must give more help on this regard, including by making certain that the authorities is absolutely respected in the peace course of. Worldwide partners should present the crucial funding, technical and material assistance and help the position of IGAD as a key intermediary. They need to additionally help higher mutual belief and attempt for more strain on non-signatories to signal the peace course of as quickly as attainable. On the humanitarian aspect, he said that precedence ought to be given to combating meals security, supporting refugee return and supporting schooling, health and other providers.

GBOLIÉ DÉSIRÉ WULFRAN IPO (Côte d'Ivoire) expresses concern at the implementation of the revived Peace Settlement, famous that political violence has fallen dramatically. Nevertheless, progress in the direction of the formation of a nationwide unity authorities has remained outdoors international expectations, stressing that the events must seize the alternative provided by the six-month extension of the transitional period. He encouraged them to "rise above neutral interests" and make the needed modifications, he expressed the hope that they might focus on defining states, borders and draft legal guidelines, both in terms of schooling and relocation of the armed forces. He referred to as for transitional preparations and a reform of the security sector. The nationwide dialogue, which incorporates the voices of ladies, is important, he stated, by encouraging robust regional duty for the revived peace settlement. The truth is, UNMISS's efforts won’t bear fruit until the events commit themselves to resolving the battle, he burdened, expressing the hope that the unity demonstrated during the Vatican's religious withdrawal proves to be useful.

ANNE GUEGUEN (France) disappointing the end of the transition interval, burdened: "It is imperative that this is the last postponement." He encouraged the parties to compromise on the troublesome points of the heavy border and security arrangements and urged them to "invest in the agreement". He harassed the central position of IGAD and underlined the need for the African Union and the United Nations to help their efforts. In addition, teams that aren’t signatories have to be signed, and ladies must be capable of take part rationally in any respect levels of the peace course of. Considering that half of the inhabitants suffers from meals insecurity and that social violence is causing new transitions, he referred to a report by the South Sudan Fee on Human Rights, which found that new violence, together with critical human rights violations, could possibly be struggle crimes and crimes towards humanity. In asking the events to participate in the Particular Representative on Sexual Violence in Battle, he referred to as for the establishment of a South Sudanese hybrid courtroom, claiming: "The perpetrators of these violations cannot be impunity."

GUSTAVO MEZA-CUADRA (Peru) welcomed the decrease in political violence related to entry into pressure of the revived peace agreement. "This is just a starting point that should contribute to the progress of the peace process," he added, calling for emphasis to be placed on pressured administration, coaching, unification, deployment and border demarcation. He expressed concern about the prevalence of sexual and gender-based violence, including authorities forces, he referred to as for action to lead to "zero victims". In line with him, displaced individuals should have the ability to return safely and provide primary providers. He’s pleased that the Humanitarian Coordination Office acquired $ 11 million from emergency funds for 270,000 individuals throughout the country. He also thanked the efforts to reconcile the leaders and the efforts of IGAD to assist South Sudan transfer to the next part of the peace process and reiterate the need for political follow-up

JOSÉ SINGER WEISINGER (Dominican Republic) stated that the Recovered Peace Agreement has thus far been marked by its slowness. In the face of continued political uncertainty, he welcomed the continued ceasefire and the growing quantity of IGAD convergence and powerful help. Nevertheless, threats to meals security are on the rise, persistent clashes in some areas and Ebola in neighboring DRC, he confused the want for freedom of movement for humanitarian actors. He expressed his concern about continued impunity and referred to as for a course of of accountability to ensure that human rights violations, together with sexual violence, are accountable. Each effort have to be made to cease the culture of impunity in southern Sudan, he harassed, urging the parties to use the new transitional period intelligently. "There are no shortcuts to peace," he confused, urging the parties to point out diplomatic creativity and the international group to provide their full help

JOANNA WRONECKA (Poland) careworn important transition issues, including the have to agree on transitional safety preparations. The involvement of ladies and civil society in the political course of is important. Expresses its concern that critical human rights violations and abuses proceed to be impunity – corresponding to violations of worldwide humanitarian regulation – he urged the government to make efforts to deliver the perpetrators to justice. At the similar time, tens of millions of individuals in South Sudan remain and over half of the inhabitants is affected by meals insecurity, he stated. Emphasizing that the individuals of the nation urgently want help and stability, he stated that IGAD, its Member States and the African Union have an important position to play in the implementation and monitoring of the revived peace settlement, and provides that the Council must be ready to help these efforts. 19659008] AYANDA NAMHLA NATASHA BEKWA (South Africa) reiterated its help for the implementation of the revived peace settlement and in addition invited the Council to encourage opposition leader Riek Machar to return to Juba. "It is important that we all rally behind the peace process and encourage the implementation of all remaining regulations," he harassed. Nevertheless, in accepting the constructive steps thus far, he famous that the state of affairs continues to be unstable, progress is sluggish and the assets out there for the peace process are inadequate. International partners should help the implementation of the revived peace settlement and assist be sure that the present pace is maintained in an effort to forestall backward conflict. Kehottamalla osapuolia jatkamaan pyrkimyksiä ratkaista rajoja, hän kehotti Etelä-Sudanin kumppaneita mobilisoimaan tarvittavat resurssit ja asiantuntemuksen, jotta osapuolet voivat panna täytäntöön elvytetyn rauhansopimuksen turvallisuusalan uudistusnäkökohdat. Humanitaarisen tilanteen osalta hän suhtautui myönteisesti viime aikoina saavutettuihin parannuksiin ja kehotti kansainvälisiä kumppaneita osallistumaan merkittävästi konfliktien jälkeisiin jälleenrakennus- ja kehitysohjelmiin.

CHRISTOPH HEUSGEN (Saksa) sanoi seksuaalisen ja sukupuoleen perustuvan väkivallan olevan järkyttävä, tällaisen väärinkäytön olisi oltava itsenäinen kriteeri seuraamusjärjestelmässä. "Tämän neuvoston on toimittava tällä hetkellä", hän korosti, ja kehotti allekirjoittajia tehostamaan ponnistelujaan 35 prosentin kiintiön saavuttamiseksi naisten osallistumiselle elvytetyn rauhansopimuksen komiteoihin. Ottaen huomioon, että UNMISSin ponnistelut ovat edelleen esteitä, hän kehotti hallitusta varmistamaan, että operaatio voi suorittaa tehtävänsä. Siirtymäkauden kuuden kuukauden pituisen pidentämisen on oltava viimeinen, hän sanoi, ja toivottaa tervetulleiksi kommentteja, jotka koskevat sovintoa paikallisella ja kansallisella tasolla. Hän korosti IGAD: n, Afrikan unionin ja Yhdistyneiden Kansakuntien välisen tiiviin yhteistyön merkitystä myös viittaamalla Pyhän istuimen pyrkimyksiin edistää sovintoa. Perusvapaudet on taattava, ja ihmisoikeuksien puolustajat voivat tehdä työnsä. “Appalled” by the conviction of economist Peter Biar Ajak for granting interviews to overseas media after his arrest on fees that have been subsequently dropped, he stated “if you put all journalists that are critical of Government in jail, you will not have enough jails”.

JONATHAN GUY ALLEN (United Kingdom) expressed unwavering help for the individuals of South Sudan as they search peace. “They cannot be expected to wait any longer from implementation of a lasting peace,” he stated, particularly these dealing with acute meals insecurity. He urged events to make the compromises wanted to make progress on security sector reform, in addition to agreement on borders and State forces. Whereas the United Kingdom had supported extension of the pre-transition period, he now echoed requires leaders to satisfy and redouble efforts to ensure a Government is shaped in November. “There need not be more delays,” he stated, underscoring the Authorities’s main duty for creating an setting conducive to the protected, durable and dignified return of refugees and internally displaced persons. Additionally, progress on justice and accountability continues to stall, with safety forces threatening perceived critics. He urged the Authorities to take steps to end the tradition of impunity, and to sign the crucial agreements with the African Union to determine the hybrid courtroom. The 2 primary actors have a duty to their individuals to resolve excellent issues and the Council should help them.

JOB OBIANG ESONO MBENGONO (Equatorial Guinea) expressed help for the six-month extension of the transition period, urgent events to shoulder their obligations and show the crucial political will to implement the peace agreement “in letter and spirit”. An inclusive political answer is the only approach to obtain peace and he expressed hope that they might refrain from acts that may worsen the tenuous state of affairs. He inspired the Authorities to disburse the $11 million pledged in a timely and clear method and regretted clashes between Government and opposition teams, as well as the prevalence of sexual violence. Events must spare no effort to deliver the perpetrators to justice, he stated, calling assaults towards humanitarian and UNMISS personnel unacceptable, and welcoming IGAD’s mediation efforts and the African Union Commission’s efforts to realize peace.

ALEXANDER V. REPKIN (Russian Federation) expressed help for the determination to increase the pre-transition period by six months, and particularly, IGAD’s efforts to mediate as an illustration of the precept “African solutions to African problems”. He additionally welcomed the discount in armed violence and incidence of human rights violations, encouraging the Government to focus on security questions and to end the process of amending the Structure. He additionally urged South Sudanese parties to do their utmost to hold out the excellent tasks referred to as for in the revitalized agreement. “South Sudan deserves to live in peace,” he asserted.

MUHSIN SYIHAB (Indonesia) referred to as the revitalized peace agreement “the best and only option” for South Sudan. Commending efforts by IGAD to convey non-signatories to the peace course of, as well as the convening of a religious retreat, he stated the extension of the pre-transitional interval have to be used to expedite all pending duties. Stressing the imperative of defending civilians and respecting international humanitarian regulation, he expressed concern over an increase in intercommunal violence and continued rights violations throughout the country. Motion restrictions repeatedly forestall UNMISS from carrying out its tasks. Accountability in such violations have to be upheld, he stated, calling additionally for larger humanitarian assistance for the 1.9 million internally displaced persons and a couple of.3 million refugees, and stressing that South Sudan needs assets to stop and anticipate the potential unfold of Ebola from neighbouring Democratic Republic of the Congo.

MANSOUR AYYAD SH. A. ALOTAIBI (Kuwait), Council President for June, spoke in his national capability, urging South Sudan’s leaders to seize the opportunity introduced by postponement of the pre-transitional period to construct trust and make progress on precedence issues. Welcoming regional mediation efforts led by IGAD, in addition to the initiative of the Holy See to collect the country’s leaders collectively, he voiced help for improvements in humanitarian access and reiterated his delegation’s condemnation of baby recruitment and sexual violence in battle. The worldwide group should continue to help the individuals of South Sudan in pursuing a peaceful future, he confused.

AKUEI BONA MALWAL (South Sudan) emphasised that confidence-building measures between signatories to his country’s Revitalized Agreement are enhancing steadily and conferences in Juba continue as scheduled. Nevertheless, the Agreement’s implementation requires main funding help. The Government has pledged to allocate $100 million to jump-start the course of, with $2 million already spent on food distribution and cantonment preparation actions. Nevertheless, challenges stay, and the process requires technical assistance and experience.

 

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