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The international community should support the implementation of South Sudan – Nyamilepedia

The international community should support the implementation of South Sudan - Nyamilepedia

Roger Alfred Yoron Modi


The South Sudan FVP Appointment, Dr. Riek Machar, President Salva Kiir, and Basic Peter Gatdet Yaka signed a preliminary peace treaty in Khartoum on August 5, 2018 (file / delivered / Nyamilepedia) [19659004] 28. January 2019 (Nyamilepedia) – President Salva Kiir's authorities, numerous armed and unarmed opposition groups and different parties to the latest South Sudan Peace Agreement, together with SPLM / A-IO, led by former First Vice President Riek Machar challenges challenges in implementation and at its core officers say there is a lack of funds.

The agreement reiterated the revived settlement on battle resolution in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS), signed in September of final yr by way of the 2015 Peace Settlement (ARCSS) Igad-led restoration course of, which has not yet been carried out because of the resumption of armed conflict in July 2016; months after

In line with R-ARCSS, a "revived government of national unity" (RTGoNU) is established, with a term of thirty-six (36) months after eight (Eight) months after the signing of R-ARCSS (September 12) or "after the necessary unified forces have been relocated".

In line with R-ARCSS, Kiir continues as President of the Republic of South Sudan and Dr Macharina takes over the First Vice-President of the Republic of South Sudan.

In addition to the first vice-president, the R-ARCSS states that there are 4 (04) vice-presidents in the Republic of South Sudan, two of whom are appointed by the incumbent authorities and one by every South Sudan opposition organization (SSOA) and former prisons (FD). The deal additionally permits the 5 hundred and fifty (550) members to type a National Legislative Body (TNLA) between the events: the established TGoNU: 300 thirty-two (332) members; SPLM / A-IO: one hundred twenty-eight (128) members; SSOA: fifty (50) members; OPP: thirty (30) members; FDs: Ten (10) Members

South Sudan has been operating underneath the Transitional Constitution since independence in 2011. Along with implementing R-ARCSS, one of the roles of RTGoNU is to watch and make sure that the ongoing constitutional process is efficiently and accomplished. earlier than the end of the transitional interval. In line with R-ARCSS, a permanent structure creates a federal and democratic regime that "reflects the character of the Republic of South Sudan and guarantees unity in diversity." Amongst different things, the agreement incorporates provisions on numerous institutional and authorized reforms.

– Why the international community helps the R-ARCSS

International community support after the July 2016 clashes continues to "implement" the ARCSS, though several teams withdrew from the ARCSS and declared it "dead". There’s little or no, if any, of ARCSS and struggle,

Subsequently, why the international community does little or no support for R-ARCSS, although there’s far more involvement, some progress and a better pace compared to after the July 2016 ARCSS time? It's extra difficult than the question it seems to be like. For instance, answering the above question, one of my fellow Members stated: "Continuation of international community funding" was based mostly on their earlier dedication, and now that they have been unsuccessful in the first try by the South Sudan, the international community doesn’t intend for a second time and notes that the international community's choice is said South Sudan individuals / groups information of the occasions … "[19659002] I'm totally different than my reply. I don’t agree with him that the international community was pressured in July 2016 after ARCSS-financing. This is because of the undeniable fact that the scriptures have been very clear that The ARCSS was not carried out throughout and after the July 2016 events, and was represented by the area and the international community in the ARCSS Joint Monitoring and Analysis Committee (JMEC) and remained part of the JMEC and supported the different events to the agreement. t retired or have been on Monday and reported that the commerce had collapsed. Since then, the international community has been capable of withdraw the treaty when (if) they discovered that they have been ridden and that ARCSS was not executed by letter and spirit. But they stayed in all places. Nevertheless, if the international community had made a decisive answer to the ARCSS status, the state of affairs in the country would have been totally different: better or in all probability worse. However this is not the time in charge the video games. It is good that the region and the international community spoke with one voice virtually all through the ARCSS restoration course of. In consequence, there’s now an R-ARCSS that isn’t so much totally different from ARCSS, and if the R-ARCSS is executed with a letter and a spirit, it may well result in the similar aim that ARCSS is designed to realize

t There isn’t any distinction between the two authorized and institutional reforms offered for in the two agreements, with the exception of the everlasting ceasefire preparations underneath the R-ARCSS system

One of the areas of concern was Article 2.4.6 of the R-ARCSS system, launched on 28 August 2018, which said: “The present monitoring and verification mechanism have to be rebuilt and the Ceasefire Transitional Security Mechanism, Monitoring and Verification Mechanism (CTSAMVM) restored. It is led by Sudan and Uganda. “This article was held to provide Sudan and Uganda management of South Sudan.

Article 2.Four.6 was amended in the remaining model of the signed R-ARCSS and is now learn solely as follows: "The current monitoring and verification mechanism must be rebuilt and returned to the Ceasefire Transitional Arrangement, the Monitoring and Verification Mechanism (CTSAMMM)." ​​

Then the monitoring and verification mechanism for restructuring and the restoration of CTSAMVM system has already been executed JMEC: based on

R-ARCSS of Article 2.Four.Eight of the CTSAMVM's Board membership consists of representatives from the following:

  • Three among both parties (three × three = 9)
  • Formerly Detained: One (1),
  • Different Political Events: Three (3),
  • Ladies's Group: One (1) and Different Ladies: One (1),
  • NGOs : two (2);
  • Youth: Two (2),
  • Business community: one (1); [19659021] Academia: one (1);
  • Eminent personalities: one (1),
  • IGAD: three (three);
  • AU: one (1);
  • China: One (1); 19659021] Troika (United States, United Kingdom, Norway): one (1),
  • UNMISS: one (1),
  • IPF: one (1);
  • EU: one (1);

Another area of ​​R-ARCSS that raised considerations was that the South Sudanese parties signed the Khartoum Declaration on the Safety of Oil Fields signed and included throughout the R-ARCSS recovery process in June.

-ARCSS states in its preamble that the events reaffirmed that they "solemnly" carried out the Khartoum Declaration.

The Khartoum Declaration states that the Authorities of South Sudan, in cooperation with the Government of Sudan, will instantly return oil. Unity State Fields (Blocks 1, 2, and 4) and Tharjiath (Block 5A), 'and Different Arrangements for Return and Return

Article 5 of the Declaration states that "Unity State (Blocks 1, 2 and 4 ) and the Tharjiath (Block 5A) oil fields are the duty of all South Sudan residents, and if vital, the South Sudanese Authorities will carry out its safety duties in co-operation and co-ordination with the Sudanese Authorities.

These provisions did not go properly with certain South Sudan and others, however is it really vital for the alert to do so as a result of of the above provisions? 32nd Extraordinary Hui of the Basic Meeting of the Heads of Government President Bush Omar Hassan Al-Bashir Sudan was approved to facilitate the meeting by Khartoum speaks: “a. talk about and resolve outstanding governance and security points, including the measures proposed by the then revised IGAD Council of Ministers' proposal on cross-linking; and b. to discuss South Sudan's financial restoration measures via bilateral cooperation between the Republic of South Sudan and the Republic of Sudan. “Here we are and R-ARCSS was lastly signed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

It’s also value mentioning that solely the United Nations, the President of the Fee of the African Union and the nations of Igad and the South Sudan social gathering signed the R-ARCSS.

In contrast to ARCSS, this time TROIKA (USA, UK and Norway), European Union, Individuals's Republic of China, IGAD Partners Forum (IPF) and African Union High-Degree Advert-Hoc Committee in South Sudan (Algeria, Republic of Chad) , The Federal Republic of Nigeria) the Republic of Rwanda, the Republic of South Africa) haven’t signed the R-ARCSS. This demonstrates the absence of indirect ethical support in the peace agreement, at the very least

as in ARCSS, many of the above-talked about nations have members in the our bodies (mechanisms). Established (reconstructed) for the implementation of R-ARCSS and could participate there to ensure that the agreement is carried out in peace and reform in the country. Sadly, the sources say that some of these nations haven’t sent candidates for the nomination of Igad to the Unbiased Border Committee (IBC), which solves the controversial situation of the South Sudanese states. Now the IBC has not been formally reported as scheduled, and this has had a adverse influence on the introduction of R-ARCSS. This should be corrected shortly so as to guarantee clean implementation of the settlement.

As I stated, there’s primarily no difference between the ARCSS and the R-ARCSS insofar as the authorized and institutional reforms offered for in the two agreements are: These embrace: drafting a everlasting structure; judicial reforms and a quantity of laws, corresponding to the Public Administration Accountability Act 2011; Evaluation of the Petroleum Income Act 2012; Mining Act 2012; Petroleum Revenue Management Act 2012; National Revenue Authority Act 2017; Anti-Bribery Commission Act 2009; Nationwide Chamber of Auditors Act 2011; revision of land laws, together with on land grabbing; revision of the NGO Act 2016 to ensure that it complies with international greatest apply on the activities of NGOs in South Sudan; evaluate of the Regulation on Political Events, 2012; Nationwide Election Act, 2012;

The situation of funding, early this month, United Kingdom Particular Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan. Christopher Trott urged the R-ARCSS to tell the events that they might draw up a price range "so that they could be given the necessary help to implement the peace agreement."

Amb. Based on Trott, Eye Radio reported that the government is able to support the peace process, however only if they begin to see real progress.

South Sudanese Overseas Minister Deng Deng Deng Deng requested overseas donors to finance the implementation of the R-ARCSS program on Wednesday, when it referred to as on overseas donors to fund about $ 1.4 million. It is a constructive step for the Authorities of South Sudan, but the quantity is way too small in comparison with the $ 114 million finances for transitional measures. In line with Dr Martin Elia Lumoro, Secretary of State for South Sudan, together with Secretary of the Nationwide Transitional Committee, the $ 114 million price range is used to facilitate the work of the peace committees and implement security mechanisms.

is certainly of paramount importance that the South Sudanese parties are pioneers in the implementation of the agreement, as they anticipate support from the area and the international community.

Ambassador of the Horn of Africa to the UN Particular Consultant for Refugees. Mohamed Abdi Affey stated in October final yr, South Sudan ends up empty if R-ARCSS fails. “If this agreement doesn't work, South Sudan is empty of the inhabitants. It isn’t meant to clear South Sudan. First of all, the biggest duty lies with the South Sudan chief, Affey says.

– Standing of R-ARCSS Signatories

Last December, at the beginning of December, IGAD's Particular Envoy for South Africa, Sudan Amb. Ismail Wais met non-signatory members of R-ARCSS, as convened at the 66th session of the Igadian Council of Ministers held in Addis Ababa on November 16, 2018

. The assembly was attended by Common National Salvation Entrance (NAS) Common Thomas Cirilllo, Common Truthful Fatur and Louis Danga of the South Sudan Democratic Union, among others.

The press launch by Igad says Common Cirillo said that his get together was able to proceed the dialogue and engagement with IGAD and all South Sudanese parties and stakeholders and agreed to comply with the December 2017 agreement on cessation of hostilities, safety of civilians and humanitarian entry.

”We’ll proceed to signal an settlement with all parties and depart anyone behind. This is the greatest probability for an enduring peace in the South Sudan conflict, ”stated Wais, assuring Common Cirillo and his delegation of continued engagement with all parties and stakeholders in the South Sudan course of,” stated President. ”

In December final yr, Parliament representative Wais additionally met Basic Paul Malong, the head of the South Sudan's US / Military (SSUF), the head of the former SPLA's commander. Common Malong agreed to abide by the ceasefire settlement and said that his motion was dedicated to finding a violent answer to the South Sudan battle.

By the time we transfer shortly to January 2019, we nonetheless should see what variety of agreements have been made by the ambassador and events of Igad.

– Continuous Violence and Challenges to Ceasefire Monitoring

Early this month, the South Sudanese National Protection Forces SSPDF stated that NAS killed 19 civilians and wounded eight other small villages in Goroum and Wonduruba Jubek. The NAS, on the other hand, stated that SSPDF dedicated a bloodbath after the "defeat" of the NAS. To date, there isn’t any independently reviewed case

At the similar time, Geneva Desta Abiche Ageno, chairman of the CTSAMVM, stated that the national safety service denied access to the CTSAMVM

” , but NSS access to the Luri checkpoint was banned, ”Gen. Abiche stated.

This month, in accordance with CRN CRN, the spokesman for SSPDF Major Basic Lul Ruai stated that NAS is threatening to implement R-ARCSS. Basic Ruai stated that SSPDF hunts NAS because the authorities's job is to protect its citizens, CRN announced. The SSPDF spokesman additionally added that "the best interest" of the SPLA-IO can be to hitch forces with SSPDF to "remove" the NAS.

"We’ve widespread patrols in scorching spots … this peace of anti-peace component, specifically Thomas Cirilo, who has been attacked, Eye Radio quoted a spokesman for SSPDF, Common Ruai, blaming NAS for attacking civilians.

] NAS spokesman Nashi spokesman Suba Samuel replied, saying: "All these accusations they are making are unjustified and don’t make any sense. radio announced on 23 October that a momentary widespread monitoring and analysis of the Committee of the interim Chairman of the R-JMEC Common Basic Augostino Njoroge NAS Director didn’t respect the ceasefire settlement, which he signed in December 2017.

"I'm apprehensive to study CTSAM: report of the sixth technical assembly that Basic Thomas Cirilo [the leader of NAS] does not comply with the terms of abolition hostility contract signed by him in December 2017, ”Eye Radio quoted Njorog by saying.

NAS replied and described Njorogen's assertion as "unbalanced". "The Njorogen statement weakens the institution and affects trust and confidence throughout the peace process," Eye Radio quoted NAS

In the meantime, CTSAMVM Chairman Maj. Army development and the presence of several events in the vicinity, including both signatories and R-ARCSS signatories

”Yei City and the area round it proceed to be a trigger for concern. The state of affairs is difficult, and the command and management structure of some teams in the area is presently unknown, ”stated Abiche in his opening speech at the third CTSAMVM board assembly on 22nd month.

He stated the CTSAMVM continues

“The Sexual Sexual Violence (SGBV) Problem in the Bentiu Region remains a major concern, and although SGBV's reported incidents have fallen somewhat in recent weeks, there is a serious breakdown in law and order and the parties still fail to protect civilians, ”stated Common Abiche.

He stated CTSAMVM still has restrictions on freedom of movement throughout the country. [19659002] ”The Luri occasion on December 18, 2018, the place CTSAMVM screens have been attacked and arrested, is only one example.

”There has also been a denial of entry to the SSPDF and SPLA-IO when we now have tried to go to places to hold out a pressure examine as required by the mandate. The Lur case is a really critical and critical breach of the peace treaty, and we’re nonetheless calling on TGoNU to take action and to hold the perpetrators responsible, ”he added.

Gen. In addition, Abiche announced that the CTSAMVM had not used the national monitoring element as a result of lack of funds. …… Our nationwide supervisors usually are not yet to be used as a consequence of finances constraints. There isn’t any finances for health and life insurance, lodging and compensation. We’re working with the Transitional Authorities of National Unity (TGoNU) and other events and stakeholders to discover all potential methods to unravel this drawback, and we hope to report on progress on this space very quickly, he stated.

The CTSAMVM additionally mentioned some progress, together with a set of "PayPam", Unity State,

. We will inform you that there have been no vital events in this place over the previous two months.

”The parties all through the nation proceed to trust and trust in the conferences. The events are raising their momentum together to seek out native options to the issues they face on the ground, Gen. Abiche stated.

– How the international community should support R-ARCSS

The international community and partners should support R-ARCSS in the following methods / in the following circumstances:

1 – Support should begin when the agreement is signed. Whereas each country is free to decide on whether or not or not to signal an settlement, it will make sense for the above nations that have not signed R-ARCSS to signal it a minimum of with reservations for the elements they can’t accept. Signing R-ARCSS is essential to underlining the agreement and the accountability of the events.

2 – The aforementioned nations need to voluntarily send their candidates for the nomination of Igad to the IBC. Then Igad should be pressured by the international community and interested events and all parties to formally type the IBC to ensure that the establishment to stick to the implementation schedules. Many of the current tensions should not be as soon as the number of states and tribal boundaries are settled amicably and fairly earlier than the beginning of the transition interval, and it’s nonetheless attainable.

The Nationwide Democratic Movement (NDM) chaired by Dr Lam Akol said in a current report that warned Igad: “The consequences of not resolving the issue of 32 states in R-ARCSS before the start of the transition period are too serious to they could not be ignored. ”

South Sudan should exert strain on a big amount of R-ARCSS implementation, which is $ 1 million and SSP 100 million (which could be very little) they have given on Wednesday 23rd . After that, other donors should be capable of come and help. There isn’t a purpose for the authorities to grant solely $ 1 million and $ 100 million SSP when it solely gave the SSP € 1.2 million to just about 400 MPs to spread peace after the complete $ 16 million allotted to the similar MPs for purchasing automobiles. about six

Four- This month on September 25, Eye Radio knowledgeable German Ambassador Jan Hendrik, saying: “Earlier, rather a lot of cash was put into the peace course of, the conflict broke out and so on. [But] all this money disappeared.

“This country is in a very bad situation after this war. So here are some studies. I think we need to discuss the need for more transparency in South Sudan's public finances. ”

The questions requested by the Ambassador are actually essential and deserve consideration and correct corrections. On this article I have dealt with the question of how a lot cash has been used in the past (ARCSS system), even when it isn’t carried out actually and spiritually, and I don’t need to repeat myself

. The question of transparency in public finances will depend on whether or not it has financed the authorities or cash of peace in the South Sudan (peacekeeping authority, JMEC and other ARCSS mechanisms)? If it’s a financing for the South Sudanese Government, it’s well known that there isn’t a transparency and accountability. That’s the reason R-ARCSS, resembling ARCSS, provides a quantity of institutional and legislative reforms to struggle corruption and improve transparency and accountability. Nevertheless, this can be a course of that is being carried out by means of R-ARCSS, as is the case with the timetables that we anticipate during the transition period beneath the agreement

Secondly, whether it is the implementation of the peace financial system (peace enforcement authority, JMEC and different ARCSS mechanisms), we anticipate the ambassadors (donor nations and the international community) are more conscious of how the money has been spent as a result of they (donor nations and the international community) are representatives of the JMEC and have participated in JMEC conferences since its inception. We, like the public, would also wish to know, however there isn’t any report on how money is spent by JMEC and its numerous our bodies

Each the ARCSS and these rules have obscure rules. now R-ARCSS. In line with R-ARCSS, RJMEC screens the operation of the ceasefire and transitional security and surveillance mechanism (CTSAMVM), the Financial and Monetary Management Authority (EFMA), the Strategic Protection and Security Assessment Board (SDSRB), the National Security and Evaluation (SDSRB). The Electoral Fee and all different transition amenities and mechanisms created by the R-ARCSS and all these bodies and other amenities and mechanisms created by R-ARCSS commonly present reviews to RJMEC

. The RJMEC Secretariat is unbiased and endeavors to obtain international administrative support and in addition states that the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Authorities will approve the RJMEC. These have been the similar provisions of ARCSS, but throughout the "implementation" of ARCSS's earlier years, there have by no means been any reference values ​​that might then be in JMEC's ​​public area.

What is very important in the current case is that there isn’t any specific provision on how JMEC (now R-JMEC) takes under consideration its funding and its subordinate our bodies for the implementation of the agreement.

Article 7.9. R-ARCSS is obscure as it simply says: "RJMEC should recurrently inform the RTGoNU Director and supply written reviews adopted by detailed briefings to the RTGoNU Ministerial Council, Nationwide Transitional Legislative Assembly, Chairman of the IGAD Common Meeting of Heads of State and Government , Chairman of the IGAD Council of Ministers, President of the Commission of the African Union, African Union Peace and Security Council and United Nations Secretary-Basic and Security Council on the state of implementation of this Settlement every three (three) months, however on no account what is the use of the funds.

What could possibly be carried out to remedy the state of affairs as a result of R-ARCSS is already in use? It's simple because there are also representatives in RJMEC in donor nations. This technique should be capable of publish its monetary reviews regularly to the public, to supervision and to accountability. If they reject transparency and duty, donor nations should not finance the R-ARCSS implementation.

Nevertheless, it should be noted that in the case of the NPTC, a physique charged with overseeing and coordinating the implementation of actions. The transitional period of cooperation with the established TGoNU, as in Article of the ARCSS, learn together with Article 1.4.three, accommodates some provisions on transparency of work which should be carried out by letter and spirit. For example, section of the R-ARCSS requires the NPTC to offer monthly written reviews to the chairman, parties and other stakeholders of the returned JMEC (RJMEC).

R-ARCSS, which says: "A fund to be financed by state assets and donor contributions have to be set as much as implement the pre-transition actions. Funding and the established TGoNU planning and funding fund will deposit the fund in a particular account with a financial institution accredited by the NPTC.

5) The support of R-ARCSS should also be based mostly on the terms and circumstances that the parties apply. terms and circumstances of the agreement, together with a everlasting ceasefire and an agreement to end hostilities in December 2017, protection of civilians and humanitarian entry (government and non-signatories of R-ARCSS, ie NAS, SSUF / A, and so forth.)

At the similar time Igad mediation dialogue e The inclusion of i-signatories in R-ARCSS should proceed to offer comprehensive peace in the country

Lately, one of R-ARCSS non-signatories, the Individuals's Democratic Movement (PDM), referred to as on international donors to refrain from funding R-ARCSS implementation until a new settlement has been reached.

”The R-ARCSS have to be reopened with a view to get individuals first to deal with the root causes of the battle and to re-set up the ARCSS between R-Equatoria, Higher Nile and Bahr al Ghazal,” Dr Hakim Dario, PDM Director in a press launch.

Nicely, as the dialogue is continued by way of the Igad process, to involve R-ARCSS, the region, international companions and all the signatories involved, think about what occurs subsequent if the dialogue fails. What are the Possibilities of Hostesses, the Safety of Civilians and the Humanitarian Entry? (R-ARCSS signatories) and the R-ARCSS non-signatories stay in the busy of South Sudan Diaspora? What are the demands of the R-ARCSS non-signatories? How fashionable are these calls for among the individuals of South Sudan? Is practically potential to include those calls for into the Igad-led course of (R-ARCSS)? If yes, why not? If not, does it imply a full-scale conflict shall resume now or in the coming months (years)? Does it imply that the R-ARCSS is incapable of bringing freedom and lasting peace to the individuals of South Sudan? These are all questions value asking on this seek for a comprehensive peace in South Sudan, though it’s also the right of any social gathering to enter willingly into an Agreement.

6-    The government of South Sudan should make sure that reported incidents like the one in Luri on the 18th December 2018, by which CTSAMVM screens have been allegedly assaulted by the NSS are investigated and justice is delivered, so as to deter the prevalence of the similar.

An unbiased and verifiable investigation by the CTSAMVM into the killing of 19 civilians and wounding of eight others in the village between Goroum and Wonduruba in Jubek State should be urgently carried out so that the perpetrators are held accountable.

On the other hand, the authorities of South Sudan should carry the state of emergency declared by President Kiir in some elements of the nation during the time of the battle. Political Freedom, freedom of expression, freedom of meeting, and freedom of speech should all be guaranteed/allowed countrywide.

In the similar spirit of peace, the authorities should beef up safety in areas with cattle raids and deadly tribal or inter-tribal clashes. In Bieh State, a minimum of 42 individuals had been killed and over 78 others wounded after armed men attacked cattle Keepers in Duachan and Kolabiel, officers say. While in Tonj, a minimum of 105 individuals had been killed and 47 others wounded, also, after armed males attacked cattle keepers, an official stated. Each incidents occurred simply inside this month, while a number of others have occurred over the current months. That is completely unacceptable. The individuals are underneath government-controlled areas and is the obligation of the government to offer security for them. It’s unacceptable that some elements of the Country would reside in relative peace whereas others in perpetual deaths and violence. The government and the individuals should provide you with policies to cease such deaths even if, as somebody lately instructed, it means designating particular areas for grazing cattle and providing safety in those areas in collaboration with the governments of such areas. These are all authentic calls for and the international community (donors) have more energy to strain the authorities of South Sudan into enhancing the state of affairs in the Country, as the authorities seeks funding for the R-ARCSS implementation. The international community should use that energy.

7-    Subsequently, as the international community and donor nations are being asked by the events to fund the R-ARCSS implementation, they should strain the authorities to release (free) or charge before competent courtroom those of Dr Peter Biar Ajak and entrepreneur/philanthropist Kerubino Wol and some other individual beneath such detention. The provision of funds by the international community should be based mostly on such calls for. It is neither Constitutional nor acceptable for a safety service to detain people with no cost. Any individual supporting such a system should know that it may be her or him dealing with such a detention in the future. Our current history could be very clear on that.

Not only that, however from now onwards, the Nationwide Security Service NSS should adhere to the South Sudan Transitional Constitution which limits the NSS to info gathering, evaluation and recommendation to relevant authorities (e.g. the Police.). Arrests and detentions are the work of the police. Implementation of an Agreement like R-ARCSS that seeks to reform the country requires an setting the place individuals are not detained with out expenses for months.

Moreover, efforts should as nicely be exerted to determine the whereabouts of lawyer Dong Samuel Luak and opposition official Aggrey Idri Ezbon who have been kidnapped from Nairobi in January 2017 and stay missing up to date. Whoever is holding them should release them in the spirit of the peace implementation.

8-    The government of South Sudan should assure/shield freedom of the media in the Country. This is very important as it is by means of a free media that the Agreement could be successfully carried out. The government must commit itself to respect press freedom. If at any time, there are continued attacks on the freedom of the press like it has happened lately in the case of the South Sudan Media Authority with Alwatan Newspaper, funding for the R-ARCSS implementation should not be given or should be withheld (if some has been given already.)

9-    There is a want for the international community and other people of good will to grab this chance by regularly fund some elements of the peace settlement. This can be a approach to win towards the anti-reform parts in South Sudan who want the Settlement to break down for his or her selfish pursuits then they might cite lack of funding as a scapegoat for not implementing the reforms stipulated in the R-ARCSS. The funding should be average and should be provided stage by stage, relying on the progress in the implementation of the Agreement. Once there isn’t a progress, the funding should be stopped instantly before losing extra money and efforts.

The writer, Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, a South Sudanese journalist, is the former Managing Editor of Juba Monitor Newspaper and former Chief Editor of Bakhita Radio. He could be reached by way of his e-mail:  or his Twitter handle @YoronModi

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